City of God, Book 21: Eternal Punishment

The entirety of Augustine's Book 21 is devoted to defending the reality and the justice of eternal punishment. This book roughly breaks down into two parts: the first part addresses the objections of unbelievers to the doctrine of eternal punishment (ch. 2-16) and the second part addresses errors of "compassionate Christians who refuse to believe … Continue reading City of God, Book 21: Eternal Punishment

City of God, Book 20: Final Judgment

Augustine sets out in Book 20 to instruct the reader on the day of God's final judgment from Scripture. In large part, the book is a series of expositions on relevant passages from both the New and Old Testaments. I will not, in the summary, rehash all of Augustine's exposition, simply highlight the main points … Continue reading City of God, Book 20: Final Judgment

Book Review: From Every People and Nation: a biblical theology of Race, by J. Daniel Hays

This is a very brief, very informal review of a book I read more than a year ago. It is an excellent book, for what it is. Written in 2003, it is not a commentary on any current trends in scholarship, national politics, etc. There is no mention of hot issues like being 'woke', systemic … Continue reading Book Review: From Every People and Nation: a biblical theology of Race, by J. Daniel Hays

City of God, Book 18: A Brief History of Nearly Everything

In Book 18, Augustine takes up a history of "the earthly city" with was growing alongside the heavenly city. This society of mortal men, though men share a common nature, is divided against itself as "one part of it oppresses another." In the providence of God, some nations have "been entrusted with empire, while others … Continue reading City of God, Book 18: A Brief History of Nearly Everything